Barriers to Children Being Vaccinated on Schedule
|Parental:||low socioeconomic status|
|low maternal education|
|young maternal age|
|being a person of color (often, decreased access to care)|
|large family size|
|Institutional:||immunization status not determined during medical visits (often in clinics)|
|doctor’s failure to speed up vaccinations for children behind schedule|
|child’s vaccination record is not available|
|belief that child must already be a user of the medical service|
|policy in some clinics that a complete evaluation is needed on all immunization visit|
It is highly desirable that programs be developed in inner city communities (unless they exist) to address the institutional barriers above. Those barriers can either be removed or reduced. The maternal barriers identify those parents who need more education and support in order to ensure that their children are completely immunized.
National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program
The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 established the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP). It is a federal “no-fault’ system that compensates those individuals, or families of individuals, injured by childhood vaccines, whether received in the public or private sector. The vaccines covered are diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, measles, mumps, rubella, and polio.
The toll-free number for the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program is 1-800-338-2382.
Sources for additional information on childhood vaccinations include:
- Your pediatrician or another health professional
- Your local health department
- CDC National Immunization program. Tel. 800/CDC-INFO or 800/232-4636. CDC’s web site can also be reached in one click from Health Power’s Relevant Resource Table
A full copy of the CDC childhood immunization recommendations is available on the CDC website
For Health Power information on adult vaccinations, for influenza (flu) and pneumonia, which are highly recommended for persons in certain age groups, visit Health Power’s Section on Influenza and Pneumonia