Cancer Prevention & Control for Minorities
Cancer Highlights for Minorities
Although cancer is often a serious disease, and has a greater negative effect on minority/multicultural populations than others, this can be reversed. However, prevention and control starts with those who are at the greatest risk. Some of the most common causes of cancer can be prevented, and others can often be cured if detected early enough.
Cancer occurs when more body cells or building blocks grow or grow faster in a certain area of the body than they should or old cells in that area don’t die when they should. Normally, new cells in the body grow when they’re needed, replacing old cells that die. When too many new cells are formed or not enough old cells die, they form a mass which is called a tumor, which can be malignant (cancer) or benign. With cancer, cells from a tumor can invade nearby areas, or spread to parts of the body that are various distances away (metastasis). By comparison, with benign tumors, their cells don’t invade the surrounding areas or spread to other areas of the body. Therefore, they are not cancers.
Most Damaging Cancers for Minorities
- Breast Cancer in Minority Populations
- Cervix Cancer in Minority Populations
- Colorectal Cancer in Minority Populations
- Lung Cancer in Minority Populations
- Prostate Cancer in Minority Populations
Key Cancer Warning Signals
Change in bowel habit
Change in bladder habit
A sore that doesn’t heal
Thickening in the breast or elsewhere
Lump in the breast or elsewhere
Prolonged or repeated indigestion
Difficulty in swallowing
Obvious change in a wart or mole
Nagging cough or hoarseness
Principal Source: Out-of-print prior American Cancer Society brochure
Other key resources for cancer information are the American Cancer Society, Tel. (800) 227-2346 and (800) 4-Cancer, sponsored by the National Cancer Institute.