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Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer, which occurs in more African-American men than any other men in the U.S., involves the prostate gland, which is a part of the male reproductive system. It occurs when a man has a tumor or mass that is malignant. Malignant tumors occur when the cells in the gland keep dividing and creating new cells that the body doesn’t need. With cancer, cells from the tumor usually either spread to one or more nearby areas, or break off and spread to further away areas of the body. This last process is called metastasis.

Warning signals of possible prostate cancer include weak urination, frequent urination at night, blood in the urine, painful ejaculation, pain or burning on urination, and blood in the semen.

Men above 40 to 45 years of age should have a rectal examination by their doctor every year. In addition, prostate cancer can often be found early by testing the amount of prostate-specific antigen or PSA in the blood. More information about prostate cancer can be found in the Cancer Section of our web site.