Diabetes – There are three main types of diabetes:
Type I Diabetes, or insulin-dependent diabetes – Used to be called juvenile diabetes because it usually starts in childhood or adolescence. People with Type I diabetes have to take insulin daily because their bodies don’t make enough.
Type II Diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes, also called adult onset diabetes – The most common type of diabetes, occurring in at least 90% or 9 out of every 10 persons with diabetes. People with Type II diabetes make insulin, but have trouble using it. They are usually more than 40 years of age and overweight.
Gestational Diabetes – Occurs during pregnancy, and disappears afterwards. However, women with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of diabetes in the future, thus should give special attention to preventing and/or controlling diabetes risk factors, such as overweight and obesity, and hypertension.
About 13% of all African-Americans in the U.S.; more than 12% of all Native Americans/American Indians over 19 years of age; and more than 10% of all Hispanics in the U.S. have diabetes.
More information on Diabetes is provided in our Diabetes Section, and our Diabetes Tip Sheet.