Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or PID is inflammation of the uterus (or womb) and fallopian tubes (the tubes). PID is usually caused by a bacterial infection that often enters through the vagina and moves into the uterus and fallopian tubes. These infections most often occur during sexual intercourse. It is also possible that: bacteria can move into the tubes during a vaginal delivery, a miscarriage or an abortion. The inflammation can come from parasites and tuberculosis as well as from bacteria.
Common symptoms of PID include severe lower abdominal pain and tenderness, vaginal discharge, fever, chills, nausea and vomiting. There may also be vaginal bleeding.
Most women respond very well to treatment with oral antibiotics on an outpatient basis. If PID is diagnosed and treated early (which includes a checkup after antibiotic therapy), there should not be any long term negative effect. However, if diagnosis and treatment is delayed or if a woman has repeated bouts of PID, there is a chance of permanent damage to the tubes, which can result in her becoming sterile.