Major Types of Depression
Major Depression Disorder – People with this disorder have had at least one major depressive episode – five or more symptoms for 2 weeks or longer. For some people this disorder repeats itself, which means having symptoms every so often – like once a month, once a year, or several times throughout their lives.
Dysthymia is a moderate type of depression. People with this condition usually suffer from poor appetite, overeating, insomnia, oversleeping, and low energy or fatigue. People with dysthymia are often unaware that they have an illness because their functioning is usually not very different. They go to work and manage their lives but are frequently irritable and often complain about stress.
Bipolar Disorder(s) – These conditions are known as bipolar because a person’s mood may, but does not always, alternate between signs and symptoms of mania and depression. A separate section on bipolar disorder, which is often stereotyped, can be found in this Channel.
Depression in Different Groups of People:
Depression in Children – If your child has five or more symptoms of depression for at least two weeks or if they interfere with his or her daily activities, your child may be depressed. Other warning signs include headaches, frequent absences from school, social isolation and reckless behavior
Depression in Late Life – Depression is not a normal part of aging. However, elderly people with untreated depression are more likely to have worse outcomes from treatment of co-existing medical illnesses (hypertension, diabetes, heart disease). Untreated depression is the most common psychiatric disorder and the leading cause of suicide in the elderly.
Depression and Women – Women are almost twice as likely to as men to experience depression. The hormonal and life changes associated with menstruation, pregnancy, miscarriage, the postpartum period and menopause may contribute to, or trigger depression.
Depression and Men – Depression in men is often masked by alcohol or drugs, or by the socially acceptable habit of working excessively long hours. Depression typically shows up in men not as feeling hopeless and helpless, but as being irritable, angry, and discouraged. Men may be less willing than women to seek help. Yet, it’s important that they do so, especially since men with depression are more likely to commit suicide than women with depression.
Health Power Targets Depression and Stigma to Increase Mental Health
Notables who have had Depression or Bipolar Disorders
Key signs or Symptoms of Childhood Depression
Stress Prevention and Reduction
Post-Tramatic Stress Disorder
Depression and Its Possible Neighbors
The following sources provide additional information about depression, and can be found on the Health Power Relevant Resource Table.
- National Mental Health Information Center of SAMHSA, US Department of Health and Human Services
- National Alliance for the Mentally Ill