Historical Highlights of Haiti and Its Link to Black Heritage;
Introduction of Culturally Competent Physicians Helping Haiti

While the nation and Island of Haiti was well known before the earthquake of 2010, its history is much less well known. Therefore, Health Power considered providing a small bit of Haiti’s history helpful in order for our users, especially those who appreciate the importance of history, to better understand the context within which Haiti has survived. Haiti’s history underscores why it is so important that there be an ongoing global response to its need for active and ongoing support, until it can overcome the devastating physical and human impact of the 2010 Haitian earthquake.

Historical Excerpts of Haiti:

 

1492 – The island that became Haiti is reported to have been discovered by Christopher Columbus on December 5, 1492. It was then inhabited by the Taino, an Arawakan people, who called their island Ayiti, Bohio, or Kiskeya. Columbus claimed the island for the Spanish Crown and renamed it La Isla Espanola (the Spanish Island), or Hispanola.

1697 – Spanish control over the colony ended with the Treaty of Ryswick, which divided the island into French controlled St. Domingue, and Spanish Santo Domingo. At the height of slavery, some 500,000 people, mainly of Western African origin, were enslaved by the French.

1781 to 1803 – A slave rebellion occurred which led to a 13-year war of liberation against St. Domingue’s colonists and later, Napoleon’s army, assisted by Spanish and British forces.

1803 –  The Haitian blue and red flag was created by taking the French tricolor  blue, red and white, turning it onto its side, and removing the white band. The battle of Vertieres marked the ultimate victory of the former slaves over the French.

1838 – 

1838 – – – – – 2010 Subsequent loans to Haiti from various nations, which were not, or could not be repaid, are considered by many to have contributed significantly to Haiti’s status as the poorest nation in the Western hemisphere.


January 12, 2010 – 

 of Black Heritage

U.S. Based Haitian and Other Culturally Competent Physicians Helping Haiti  

 

While there are a number of credible organizations helping Haiti, we are pleased to introduce two more that are not as well known as they  should be:

 AMHE has been deploying physicians, nurses other medical personnel and medical supplies to Haiti since the earthquake, and working side by side with their Haiti based colleagues.

2. is partnering with AMHE’s relief effort.

Consider contacting AMHE or ESMA if you want to support the efforts of physicians who already have extensive relationships with physicians in Haiti, both in private practice and at local hospitals. Further, the Haitian descent and/or ability to speak Creole of AMHE members, and some ESMA members, is a special asset as they join with their Haiti based colleagues in (a) providing much needed medical care, and (b) participating in planning for health related infrastructure development.
Source of Historical Excerpts:  The primary source of our abbreviated “Historical Highlights of Haiti” was books and other writings in the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, based in New York City.