Native American/American Indian Channel
**A Slide Presentation**
Welcome to Health Power’s Native American/American Indian Channel. This channel focuses on the heritage, health related interests and needs of Native Americans/American Indians and Alaska Natives, who were, indeed, “The Original Americans”.
Which Names to Use:
Opinions differ a lot among the original Americans of whether they should be called Native Americans, American Indians, or one of the forma terms with the addition of Alaska Natives. Such differences of opinion also exist in other cultures, such as Hispanics versus Latinos It’s important to be sensitive to these preferred differences, and to use them in settings, where either name is both widely and strongly preferred, as the terms American Indian and Native American are both widely used.
Whether the term American Indian or Native American is used, each term is meant by Health Power to include Alaska Natives (Indians, Eskimos and Aleuts of Alaska). Also, the Eskimos and Aleuts in Alaska are two culturally distinct groups, and many of them prefer being called Alaska Natives.
Special Note: Our Native American Editor, Cordelia Clapp, has been especially helpful to Health Power in developing this Channel.
Federally Recognized Tribes
According to the Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior, there are more than 550 federally recognized tribes in the United States, including 223 village groups in Alaska. “Federally recognized” means they have a special, legal relationship with the U.S. government. This relationship is called a government-to-government relationship.
There are only two kinds of well- known reserved lands in the United States: military and Indian. Originally, an Indian reservation was land which was reserved for a tribe when it gave up its other land areas to the United States/U.S. through treaties. More recently, Congressional acts, Executive Orders, and administrative
acts have created additional reservations. On each reservation, the local governing authority is the tribal government. Today, some reservations have non-Indian residents and land owners. There are approximately 275 Indian land areas in the U.S. administered as Indian reservations (reservations, pueblos, rancherias, communities, etc.). The largest is the Navajo Reservation of some 16 million acres of land in Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. Many of the smaller reservations are less than 1,000 acres with the smallest less than 100 acres.