It is very common for people to have allergies to some sort of food. The frequency of people developing food allergies is always rising. People can be allergic to any kind of food, but the majority of food allergies are due to only 8 types of food items. Knowing about allergies can really be helpful for people to cope better.
Understanding Food Allergy
When a person’s body reacts in an irregular way after consuming a certain food product is known as food allergy. Certain food triggers the immune system to immediately react assuming the consumed food to be potential threat for the body. The body believes the food to be harmful and as a protective measure responds by activating the body’s defense system and releases histamine, a chemical that causes the body to swell up.
People with food allergies can show reaction to even small quantities of the food consumed. Depending on the person’s sensitivity and the amount of food consumed, the severity of the symptoms also vary. The reaction can be immediate, within a few minutes or after a few hours.
People exposed to food they are allergic to have the following symptoms:
• Swelling on the face
• Difficulty in breathing
• Drop in blood pressure
• Itchy skin or a rash
• Diarrhea and constant vomits
In severe cases, the allergic reaction can even cause death.
Food Intolerance and Food Allergies
Many people often confuse food intolerance and food allergies. Food intolerance is mostly due to the person’s stomach not taking well to the food while food allergies involve the immune system. Food intolerance is not danger to person’s life but they may result in the person’s discomfort.
The 8 Common Food Allergies
The most common food allergies are due to the following food items:
1. Cow’s Milk
Babies and young infants can be allergic to cow’s milk. It is very common for young children to be diagnosed with milk allergies as babies. The breastfeeding mothers also need to stay away from cow’s milk while feeding them.
People who are allergic to cow’s milk need to stay away from all cows’ milk and milk related products. Children often outgrow this allergy and therefore this allergy is not prevalent in adults.
This allergy is also found in young children, who often outgrow this allergy. People were more often allergic to egg whites. And avoiding egg can help them fight this allergy.
3. Tree Nuts
Allergy to tree nuts like almonds, cashews, walnuts etc. is another very common allergy around the world, and is a more severe form of allergy. Avoiding all the nuts can be considered a precaution for people with certain nut allergy. Unfortunately, this allergy is a lifelong condition and only rarely do people outgrow this allergy.
Like tree nuts allergy peanut allergy is also a lifelong condition and people need to avoid peanuts and all peanuts related products to avoid an allergic reaction.
Shrimps, prawns, lobsters are all different types of shell fish that people are allergic to this is another severe allergy that requires people to stay away from all shellfish and shellfish related products.
This allergy is often diagnosed to young children and this can be outgrown. People should avoid wheat and wheat related products to stay protected from an allergic reaction.
Allergy to soybeans and soybean related products is another very common allergy often diagnosed to children majority of the children can outgrow these allergies. But avoiding soybeans and related products is the best preventive method.
This allergy is different from other allergies as it can be developed later in life as an adult. And the people allergic to fish often misinterpret it to eating bad fish.
The Bottom Line
The Person who suspects to be allergic to a certain food can get it tested by a doctor who can help diagnose the issue and provide you with proper guidance that can help you lead a safe and healthy life.
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