Skin problems are prevalent in the US, especially among females. Around 7.7% of African American women and 10.8% of Hispanic women visit clinics for atopic dermatitis every year. If you experience skin itchiness, you should see your doctor to determine whether you need treatment for eczema.
Although the signs and symptoms of eczema vary from person to person, some common symptoms include:
- Red or brown-gray skin patches on your arms, feet, feet, neck, chest, face or scalp
- Dry and cracked skin
- Moderate to severe itching that increases at night
- Small bumps that leak fluid when scratched
- Raw and sensitive skin
Eczema is often accompanied by asthma. If you experience the above symptoms, you should make an appointment with a dermatologist. No lab tests are needed to diagnose the condition. Instead, your doctor will examine your skin as well as review your medical history to accurately diagnose the skin condition.
Causes of Eczema
Your skin protects you from bacteria and allergens. Eczema, however, damages your skin and affects your skin’s ability to protect you from these factors.
Eczema usually occurs due to genetic disorders. Moreover, environmental factors such as skin irritants, allergens, microbes, frequent changes in temperature, and hormonal changes may also lead to this painful skin condition.
Eczema is quite common among young children. It also increases the risk of developing asthma and hay fever. If you suffer from eczema, then try not to scratch the affected areas, or else it may lead to infections.
Taking good care of your skin can control the symptoms of eczema. Dry air isn’t good for skin, which is why you should get a humidifier to improve indoor air quality. Use soaps that don’t cause skin dryness and apply moisturizing lotions.
Taking long baths or showers with hot water leads to skin dryness and greater symptoms of eczema. It’s best to take baths and showers with warm water. After taking a bath, gently dry your skin with a soft towel and apply moisturizing cream when your skin is still damp.
If the symptoms of eczema don’t go away despite the lifestyle changes, your doctor may prescribe over-the-counter medicines or suggest ointments to treat the skin condition. If the condition is severe, you may go for ultraviolet light therapy at your doctor’s advice.
Here are some useful tips that will help you prevent eczema:
- Apply lotions, creams or petroleum jelly to moisturize your skin
- Take a bath with warm water and limit your bath time to 15 minutes
- Use mild soaps in showers
- Dry your skin with a soft towel after a bath and moisturize it
- Identify the factors that worsen your eczema and reduce exposure to those triggers
To conclude, eczema can affect people of all ages. It usually occurs due to genetic disorders, but certain environmental factors such as pollen and smoke can worsen this condition. While you can’t cure it for good, it’s possible to manage its symptoms.
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