Gout – A very painful form of arthritis which affects more men than women. It is caused by a buildup of uric acid in the body because the body either does not normally break down purine, a protein associated with an increased level of uric acid in the body, or the kidney don’t get rid of it properly. Gout is characterized by repeated attacks of severe arthritis, most often involving the big toe. Other joints, however, can also be involved. The painful sudden attacks are caused by deposits of sodium urate, a salt from uric acid, in the connective tissue and joints. Gout can generally be controlled with medication plus dietary control. Dietary control involves avoiding or greatly limiting high purine foods such as organ meats (such as liver, kidney and brains), red meats (which are high in protein), and alcohol intake.

Other high purine foods, which should be avoided or limited in people with gout include:

  • Anchovies
  • Beef kidneys
  • Brains
  • Game meats
  • Gravy
  • Herring Liver
  • Mackeral
  • Sardines
  • Scallops
  • Sweetbreads

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