Osteoporosis is a disease that gradually weakens the bones as a result of loss of calcium, or a negative calcium balance. A bone density measurement is useful for early detection, and early detection is the best way to avoid the possible potentially disabling effects of osteoporosis, such as hip fracture. Risk factors associated with osteoporosis are:

  • Having Caucasian or Asian background
  • Having a family history of osteoporosis
  • Having a thin or small build
  • Having early menopause (before age 45)
  • Having an inactive lifestyle
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Drinking excessive alcohol
  • Chronic use of such medications as steroids, thyroid hormone and certain anticonvulsants

Nutritional supports against osteoporosis include calcium and Vitamins C, D and E.