Key Reports on Racial and Ethnic Disparities

Report 1:

Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, Institute of Medicine, 2002. This landmark study found that U.S. racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to receive unequal treatment, and experience a lower quality of health services. They are also less likely to receive kidney and heart transplants, and are more likely to receive certain less desirable procedures, such as lower limb amputations. The report also provides recommendations to attack the problem, which often results in poorer health care for millions. The report also notes general correlations with socioeconomic inequality as well as a history of racial and ethnic discrimination. This report is available at

Report 2:

Key Facts: Race, Ethnicity & Medical Care, Kaiser Family Foundation. Provides a broad range of information on race/ethnicity, health, health insurance coverage, preventive and primary care, and specialty care related to heart disease, cancer, asthma and HIV/AIDS. This report is available at .

eport 4:

CDC Fact Sheet on Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities. Key statistics are provided for African-Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, Asian Americans, and American Indians/Alaska Natives. Information is provided for one or more of these groups on such health issues as access to healthcare, asthma, cancer, diabetes, adult immunizations, hepatitis, infant mortality, injuries, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), smoking and tuberculosis. This report is available at



The State of Black America: Annual Report on Socio-economic Conditions

The State of Black America, is published each year by the National Urban League since 1976. The report, which addresses the issues central to Black America, isa barometer of key conditions, experiences and opinions of Black America. It examines black progress in education, homeownership, entrepreneurship, health and other areas forecasts certain social and political trends, and proposes solutions to the community’s and America’s most pressing challenges.

This report is available at

Report 7:

Hispanics and Health Care in the U.S.

The Pew Hispanic Center Provides a variety of reports concerning Healthcare among Hispanics, based on nationally representative surveys.

The reports are available at


Other Pertinent Information on Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities 

New Web Site for Minority Health Links Health Disparities and Cost of Health Care.

On March 3, 2006, Health Power’s President spoke, by invitation, onWomenLeadership and Decision-making in Health, Annual Conference U.N. Commission on the Status of Women.

On March 2, 2005, Health Power’s President spoke, by invitation, onWomen, Race, Health Care Access and Quality of Care at the Fourth World Conference on Women of the United Nations.

Also Visit Aetna’s Diversity area for additional information about racial and ethnic health disparities.