The exposure to sunlight is extremely important for your health. It positively affects your health and boosts your mood. However, some people experience allergic reactions upon extended exposure to sunrays. This condition is commonly referred to as sun allergy or photosensitivity.
What Is Sun Allergy?
Sun allergy isn’t a type of allergy. This condition occurs when a person is sensitive to a specific wavelength of light such as ultraviolet radiations. Environmental factors also aggravate this condition and tamper with your skin health.
Many people experience this health problem due to genetic disorders, while others develop its symptoms due to certain medications. The most common types of this skin condition are:
• Photoallergic Eruption
In this condition, an allergic reaction triggers when you go out in the sun after applying antibiotic ointments or fragrances. A photoallergic reaction is also linked with certain non-prescription painkillers such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium.
• Polymorphous Light Eruption
PMLE condition usually appears in the form of an itchy red patch on your skin and is quite common. In fact, around 15% of people in the US experience this skin condition. Its symptoms usually appear during winters or the spring season. But as you spend more time in the sun, your skin gets accustomed to sunlight exposure and it controls allergic reactions.
• Solar Urticaria
In solar urticaria, large red bumps form on your skin due to sunlight exposure. This condition is more common among young women and leads to irritation.
• Actinic Prurigo
Also referred to as hereditary PMLE, this skin condition is more common among Native Americans and African Americans. It has severe and painful symptoms that usually develop during childhood.
The common symptoms of sun allergy include:
• Red patches on the skin
• Bumps on the skin that form large raised patches
• Itching, inflammation or mild to severe pain in skin bumps
• Hives or blisters
• Bleeding from red patches
• Scaling or crusting
• Headaches, malaise, nausea, and chills for a few hours after sunlight exposure
Sun Allergy Treatments
If you experience the above symptoms, you should consult a dermatologist at the earliest. Through skin biopsies and other laboratory tests, he or she can diagnose whether you’re suffering from sun allergy and prescribe medications accordingly.
Try not to go out in the sun during peak hours i.e. between 10 AM and 2 PM. But if it’s necessary, then always apply a sunscreen to protect your skin from harmful rays. Opt for a high-quality product SPF 30 with a good rating.
Wear sunglasses and a hat and cover your skin before you go out. If the symptoms of sun allergy appear despite precautions, your doctor can prescribe medicines or ointments to control this condition. Use it as per the prescription to improve your skin health.
Sun allergy causes skin redness and itchiness due to exposure to sunlight. However, there’s nothing to worry about. You can manage this skin problem and get rid of red skin patches with the help of medications.
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